It’s that time of the year again, from the looks of it. The Times of India on November 4 reported an outbreak of Madras Eye in Bangalore. Here’s an excerpt from the report by Sumitha Rao, “There’s an unofficial red-eye alert in the city. Doctors have confirmed a sharp rise in cases of viral conjunctivitis, commonly called ‘Madras Eye’, across Bengaluru. And what is unprecedented is entire families being affected simultaneously, say doctors.”

As vigilant guardians of eyes, this got us thinking. And we thought it’s time to take a closer look at Madras Eye – just so we all know a bit more about this annual visit, apart from the all-important how to avoid this unusually-named eyesore.

Google ‘Madras Eye’ and this is what you get at the top of the page: Madras Eye is an inflammation of the outermost layer of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelids called conjunctiva. It is most commonly due to viral infection and is contagious.

Then, a little lower down the page, the wiki page is about Conjunctivities. How and why, then, did Conjunctivitis end up being called Madras Eye? For instance, is it known as, say, Mumbai Eye in Mumbai? Delhi Eye in Delhi? Ranchi Eye in Ranchi? And…you get the drift. Incidentally, doesn’t Madras Eye sound like the name of a crusading newspaper or a detective agency or some such thing investigative? How on earth did it end up with conjunctivitis? This needed to be investigated.

Why, why, why Madras Eye

So, here’s what we came up with, with a little help from Google: It is said that the name “madras eye” originated when the adenovirus, a virus that causes conjunctivitis, was first identified in Chennai (Madras), India. This name became more popular in 1990s when a film titled MADRAS EYE was released.
Link to film: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0385071/

We weren’t convinced. This needed to be investigated further.

This is what else we dug up: Conjuctivitis occurs usually in extreme heat and humid conditions and is contagious. During the summer vacation, when Indian tourists visit the south, particularly Madras, they often get this ailment as they are unaccustomed to such heat and humidity. That’s why the ailment is called ‘Madras eye’. However, conjuctivitis is also common in other hot places in India (and abroad). Interestingly, in Delhi, it is called ‘Bombay eye’.

— S. Sundararajan, Navi Mumbai, July 13, 2003

Nope. That certainly didn’t cut the mustard. We needed a better source. We needed to be absolutely sure.

Look what we found: Madras eye is conjunctivitis. Also known as pink eye, it occurs when the eyelid and the eye surface are swollen and become red due to a viral infection. More importantly, how did the name Madras eye come about? Well, it originated because the adenovirus, which causes Madras eye, was first identified in Madras in 1918. This we found in The Hindu. Enough said.

How to bust the Madras Eye*

“Conjunctivitis is viral in nature and has become seasonal. In cold weather, the adenovirus multiplies rapidly, and the public should take precautions,” Dr. P. V. Nanda Kumar Reddy, Superintendent, S.D. Eye Hospital, Hyderabad.
Ophthalmologists point out that like common cold, which usually runs its course around winter time for three to four days, viral conjunctivitis, too, hits and runs its course for between a week and 10 days.
Patients with red eyes and swollen eyelids and watering, irritation, mild pain and discomfort in the eyes should visit an eye specialist immediately, as, on occasions, conjunctivitis is known to damage the cornea.
Patients should avoid touching their eyes and shaking hands and sharing towels with infected persons.
Owing to the contagious nature of the infection, patients must wear dark glasses, besides staying away from public places to prevent it from spreading.
Though some people suggest that pink eye can spread by merely being in a room with a person whose eyes are affected by the condition, this is untrue.
Conjunctivitis spreads through secretions from the eye. Thus, if a person touches his/her eye, he/she can pass on the infective virus or bacteria to another person or object that comes in contact with the secretion.

Wash your hands with soap and water at times of an epidemic. Carry an alcohol-based sanitizer with you to use when you do not have access to soap and water.

Avoid touching your eyes with your hand or any object like a handkerchief.

Do not share eye makeup or eye medicines.

Wash your eyes regularly and wipe with a disposable tissue. After that, immediately sterilize your hands. Do not leave the tissue lying around.

Avoid going to your place of work or school till you recover completely.
Any linen that you use like towels, bed sheets and pillow covers should be washed with hot water and detergent.

Do not wear contact lenses or any eye or face makeup.
Avoid going to the swimming pool or using the gym or other equipment that are used commonly by other people.
Sterilize eyeglasses and contact lenses once you recover from the condition.
If only one eye is affected, avoid touching the other eye.
Apply a warm or cold compress to the affected eye to sooth it. And do not forget to wash your hands after that.
Do not forget to visit a doctor as soon as symptoms set in to control the infection. The doctor will prescribe eye drops; do not share these with anyone.

*Sources: Google, The Hindu and Medindia

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First things first, think beyond carrots. See more than just carrots. Improve your vision. Fact is, carrots are so yesterday. It’s high time we all looked beyond carrots when it comes to foods that are good for the eyes. See more than just carrots, and you’ll see so many other foods that can help you see better. Without further ado, let’s see what we mean.

Go greens

They’re packed with lutein and zeaxanthin—antioxidants that, studies show, lower the risk of developing macular degeneration and cataracts.


The yolk is a prime source of lutein and zeaxanthin—plus zinc, which also helps reduce your macular degeneration risk, according to Paul Dougherty, MD, medical director of Dougherty Laser Vision in Los Angeles. And, no, the yolk, in moderation, is not bad for you.

Citrus is berry good

Citrus fruits, berries are powerhouses of vitamin C, which has been shown to reduce the risk of developing macular degeneration and cataracts.

Nuts about almonds

They’re filled with vitamin E, which slows macular degeneration, research shows. One handful (an ounce) provides about half of your daily dose of E.

Oh, fish

Tuna, salmon, mackerel, anchovies and trout are rich in DHA, a fatty acid found in your retina—low levels of which have been linked to dry eye syndrome, says Jimmy Lee, MD, director of refractive surgery at Montefiore Medical Center, in New York City.

The whole truth

A diet containing foods with a low glycemic index (GI) can help reduce your risk for age-related macular degeneration. Swap refined carbohydrates for quinoa, brown rice, whole oats and whole-wheat breads and pasta. The vitamin E, zinc and niacin found in whole grains also help promote overall eye health.

Colorific diet

Colorful Foods such as carrots, tomatoes, bell peppers, strawberries, pumpkin, corn and cantaloupe are excellent sources of vitamins A and C. The carotenoids — the compounds that give these fruits and vegetables their yellow, orange and red pigments — are thought to help decrease the risk of many eye diseases.


Yes, beef – as long as it’s not banned. Lean beef, in moderation, can boost your eye health. Beef contains zinc, which helps your body absorb vitamin A and may play a role in reducing risk of advanced age-related macular degeneration.

Final food for thought

Apart from eating right, it also helps to get your eyes checked once in six months. They won’t cost you anything. On the contrary, they’ll add years to your eyes. Bon appétit and see you soon.

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While there are no recognised ways to prevent glaucoma, blindness or significant vision loss from glaucoma can be prevented if diagnosed earlier. The ‘primary open-angle glaucoma’ is prevalent and the vision loss is slow, silent and progressive starting from peripheral vision loss to central vision loss.

We still feel, glaucoma can be prevented with utmost care to your eyes and health through proper practices including the following:

1. Regular eye check up:

It is recommended that you go for an annual eye check up. Any sort of corrective measure is easy if diagnosed at an early stage.

2. Eye health history of the family:

Certain health issues may run in your family, it is recommended that you keep the family health history in mind during the diagnostics.

3. Exercise safely:

Exercising regularly is a very healthy habit. Certain exercises are a strain to your eyes which you must be careful while doing it.

4. Consume eye drops and medicines only as prescribed:

Self medication off Google might be cool. But has adversities if not diagnosed properly before administering. It is always recommended that you meet a specialist in person than virtual.

5. Protect your eye on sensitive exposures:

While at work in front of computer, or in front of the sun rays or in a workshop, it is very important to make sure there isn’t much strain for your eyes!

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Sunglasses are easy to get, but difficult to maintain. As said it can be tough, protects your eyes, looks cool. But it still has to be protected for a good life. Frames and lenses are delicate; they are sensitive. It needs one tough maintenance to pass the test of time. Sunglasses prove to be tough, but our negligence can still cause damage.

  1. Two hand Rule

            The utmost rule; use two hands to remove glass and to put them back. Removing in single hand may look cool; but it’s not. Removing in single hand will loosen up the frame and it’ll get disoriented.

  1. Use the case

The case! the case! the case! The sole purpose of a case is to handle the glass. Sunglasses are not meant to be kept or thrown just like that. And moreover you’ll not forget the place of your glass once it’s in the case.

Rinse the lens

            The lesne is the most delicate part of the glass. Rinse it with care. Make sure, not to use any random dry cloth to clean it. Clean it with water. You can definitely use lens cleaners for better results. Use microfiber optical cleaning cloth to be smooth.

  1. Never put on your head

            For God sakes, don’t put on your head. The hair and dust particles hurt the lens more. And if the hair is oily, then you can realize how bad the lens will go. Glass on head trend is no more, and personally it’s a bad choice.

  1. Don’t touch the nose piece

            The easy way to adjust a glass is by pressing near the nose. Don’t do that from now. It can change the dimension of the nose buds, and may often lead to pain. It makes a mark in your nose as well.

  1. Store in a proper place

            Other than keeping in glass case, place it in proper way. Not always you can keep in a case. Sometimes you have to keep in different places. Be careful while placing them. Don’t let the lens touch the ground.

  1. No Chemicals

            Chemicals are sure to make damage to the glass. It could be lens or the frame color. Keep your hands clean while handling the glass. Make sure you don’t touch the glass, with chemicals in hand.

  1. Service it once/twice a year

Glasses become best, when serviced. It has lots of minute places, made to be handled by the experts. Tighten and clean the glass using professionals.

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Eye Protection

Eye protection is protective gear for the eyes, which comes in many types depending upon the threat that is to be reduced. The threats can be particles, light, wind blast, heat, sea spray or some type of ball or puck used in sports.


goggles are forms of protective eyewear that usually enclose or protect the eye area in order to prevent particulates, infectious fluids, or chemicals from striking the eyes. For example, when swimming, goggles protect the eyes from salt or chlorine in the pool.

Protection against light

The human eye is sensitive to intense light because it damages the retina and can even blind the individual. There are many different types of eye protection against light suited for different applications.

The most common forms of eye protection against light are sunglasses. These primarily protect against UV light from the sun and help increase visibility in bright conditions. They often tend to be fashionable as well as practical. Laser protection eyewear is similar but will filter out a particular (or small range of) wavelength(s), customized to the laser being viewed. Laser protection eyewear is particularly important because of the extremely high intensity of laser light.

Shades 12, 13, and 14 welding glass must be used to stare directly at the sun or a solar eclipse. These higher index shades are suitable for arc welding and therefore are suitable for solar viewing. Sunglasses will not provide sufficient protection.

Welding glass protects against glare and flying sparks. It is a more extreme implementation of the same idea as sunglasses, suited to the more intense light generated during welding. Arc welding goggles must be much darker than blowtorch goggles.

Other protection

  • Eye protectors used in sports like orienteering and cycling to protect eyes from insects, dust and wind blast.
  • Infection control glasses
  • Eye shields used in External beam radiotherapy to shield sensitive parts of the eye from ionizing radiation

Helmets and visors

Some helmets and visors also protect the eyes:

  • Armor visors were used in conjunction with some Medieval war helmets to protect the eyes from impact.
  • Batting helmet with full face coverage is used by the catcher in baseball and softball games to protect the eyes and face from impact.
  • Eye shield is a piece of football equipment which attaches to a player’s helmet to protect the eyes from impact.
  • Fighter pilot helmet includes a visor for protection from the sun and from wind blast in case of an ejection from the aircraft.
  • Some firefighter’s helmets have visors which protect the eyes from infrared rays and the radiant heat of fire as well as from impact.
  • Hockey helmets have visors, shields, cages and masks to protect the eyes and face from impact.
  • Hurling helmets protect the eyes from the ball and from near contact with other players.
  • Lacrosse helmet used primarily in men’s lacrosse have a visor to protect the face and eyes from impact.
  • Life boatman’s helmet has a transparent visor to keep sea spray out of the eyes.
  • Motorcycle helmets and Bicycle helmets have face shields that protects the eyes against wind blast, dust, insects and impact in the event of a crash.
  • Racing helmets also have face shields (narrower than motorcycle helmets) to protect against fire and impact.
  • Riot protection helmets have visors to protect the eyes and face from projectiles and impact.
  • Safety helmets, also called hard hats, used by chainsaw operators and construction workers often have visors to protect the eyes from impact.
  • Space suit helmets have gold-impregnated face shields to protect astronauts from the direct rays of the sun.
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Where do general audience turn when they need a new stylish makeover? Celebrities and their film characters of course! They are style icons to look forward to. They create style trends. And there are a lot of iconic characters in Tamil cinema that are synonymous with glass. Eyeglass have made the character unique and distinct.

These are the iconic eyeglasses that created waves in Tamil Cinema and won’t be forgotten that soon


            An iconic eyeglass list without Baashaa! No way! There have been gangster films earlier, but this was an epic saga. How can someone forget Baashha Bhai’s eyeglass? It refined swag with authority.

Baashha was monumental; there were numerous high voltage clash scenes. But the confrontation scene with a menacing villain like Mark Anthony was just litt. His glasses were phenomenal as well.


            This is definitely not another gangster saga. It was rise and fall of a man and his legacy. Inspired from, the Godfather; the nayakar character is once in a blue moon character to Tamil cinema.

Nayakar’s transition and ageing were flawlessly portrayed with those glasses. Glasses for a middle-aged man to old age; it was impeccable. Moreover, glasses changed the look of the character, showed the graceful ageing in a compelling way.


            An uber cool remake of a classic. It reconceptualized the style quotient and brought a Hollywood like action drama to Tamil Cinema. All the characters in the film had shades on, almost in all scenes. A chic glass can inarguably elevate the standard of the scene.


            Theri is a story of a cop and his avatars. It was swag and colorful throughout. Three types of glasses made it to the screen. And it was nothing short of glorious.


            The elite satirical comedy film of all time. Probably first dark comedy in Tamil Cinema. A liberal and literal take on Tamil Nadu politics. Nagaraja cholan the epic villain was hilarious with the wisecrack. And his glasses were a cherry atop the pile. Think of Nagaraja Cholan without glasses now! Weird right? That’s how integral the glass was to the character.


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Care for new pair of Glasses? Why? Beginning of a new season, change in fashion trends, the old one fading, new dresses, new suit, party on the corner. Do you really need a reason to get a new pair of Glasses?

Probably not, but you definitely need to know the style trend to stay on top of the game. Glasses define you; compliments your attitude and character. So why not spend some time in analyzing the trend.

1. Tortoise Shell

Tortoise Shell has unique distinctive pattern just like a Tortoise. And the designers made it into a design. Not only the default brown makes an impression. It has variety of colors to offer. And it’s leading the market.

Tortoise shell has many trendy patterns that can match your thirst. It has patterns suiting each color tone.

2. The Black Frame

The ever stylish blacks never go out of trend. They certainly are a match to every piece of dress you have. From giving those nerdy looks to stylish Bond looks, these are the veteran. They are easy to maintain, due to the minimalistic color.

Great leaders of the world have donned it. It is the symbol of nerdism, probably for all good.

3. The Marble

Marble frames looks similar to a Tortoise, but is not. It is more bold with definitive shapes and patterns. The different funky shapes that goes with the marbles makes it more stylish.

The marble is an out to go pattern for unisex. They do come in all flashy colors to make you look more interesting.

4. It’s Gold

Yes, the Gold frames are making its way back to the trend map. They give you the glossy classy glow. It’s natural, it’s metal, it’s shining, it’s legit and it’s Golden. What more do you need more than this precious piece.

5. The Bright bunch

The bright Red, pink, purple, yellow colors make the women go wow. And these colors are the most reliable choice by the fashion freaks. It’s a women’s centered color since it can add the gloss with perfection.

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